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Brazil

Legislation

  • Mining Code 1967 (as amended)
  • Mining Regulations 2018
  • Resolution on Environmental Licensing 1997

Regulatory Risk Rating

Substantial
Regulatory Risk

Regulatory Corruption Risk

Very High
Regulatory Corruption Risk

Corruption Exposure Risk

Low
Corruption Exposure Risk
Regulatory Risk Rating Factors Risk Level
First Come / First Serve Subscribe
Application Critiera Subscribe
Duration Subscribe
Right to Renew Subscribe
Competing Licences Subscribe
Mineral Coverage Subscribe
Right to Mine Subscribe
Criteria for Mining Rights Subscribe
Tenure Subscribe
Surface Rights Subscribe
Government Take Subscribe
Transfer Rights Subscribe
Change of Control Subscribe
EIA Process Subscribe
Power to Revoke Subscribe
Age of Legislation Subscribe
Other Factors Subscribe

Brazil offers a curious mix of comfort and caution for the miner. There is comfort in the perpetual right of ownership once a mining concession has been awarded, yet the discretion over the right to mine, the obligation to have financing in place on the concession application and the perpetual State influence over mining operations should be considered carefully before an investment is made or a mine decision is taken.

Contents

Legislation

  • Mining Code 1967 (as amended)
  • Mining Regulations 2018
  • Resolution on Environmental Licensing 1997

Regulatory Risk Rating

Substantial
Regulatory Risk

Regulatory Corruption Risk

Very High
Regulatory Corruption Risk

Corruption Exposure Risk

Low
Corruption Exposure Risk
Regulatory Risk Rating Factors Risk Level
First Come / First Serve Subscribe
Application Critiera Subscribe
Duration Subscribe
Right to Renew Subscribe
Competing Licences Subscribe
Mineral Coverage Subscribe
Right to Mine Subscribe
Criteria for Mining Rights Subscribe
Tenure Subscribe
Surface Rights Subscribe
Government Take Subscribe
Transfer Rights Subscribe
Change of Control Subscribe
EIA Process Subscribe
Power to Revoke Subscribe
Age of Legislation Subscribe
Other Factors Subscribe

Overview

Brazil is extremely rich in mineral deposits and has a well-established mining industry. The country is a major global producer of iron ore, bauxite, kaolin, niobium and gemstones. Iron is, by some way, the most commonly produced mineral – accounting for almost 60% of mineral production in 2020 – and Brazil is usually second only to Australia in terms of iron production. It is also consistently amongst the top three producers of bauxite in the world and is thought to have some of the world’s largest deposits. The country also produces coal, tin, manganese, aluminium, gold, copper, nickel, cobalt, diamonds, titanium minerals, fluorspar, potash, phosphate, zinc and lead. Chinese demand has been a major driver of the sector for several years now and the industry has experienced considerable growth as a result.

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