It is said that around 90% of an iceberg can lie unseen below the surface and perhaps the same can be said for Greenland's regulation of its mining industry. The Mineral Resources Act really plays the role of an introduction - with the full story only revealed when the terms of a mineral licence are established. As Greenland only became responsible for the administration of its mineral resources in 2010 it is possible that it intends to address matters on a case-by-case basis - when or if they arise. Unfortunately this does not provide a solid foundation for potential investors, who will find themselves placed at the centre of a host of competing issues. Under the MRA the protection of Greenland's unique environment and the immediate need for Greenlanders to receive benefits from the exploitation of the country's natural resources look to take centre stage, with the aim of attracting foreign investment seemingly forgotten. The specific terms of the licence may ultimately make for a more attractive investment opportunity but as it stands the considerable infrastructure challenges are not the only hurdle the miner will have to overcome.