Yukon’s mineral resources legislation is in need of updating. In 2003, the Yukon Act made changes to the territory’s legislative powers, providing the Government of Yukon with the power to make laws in relation to its natural resources - a power previously held by the federal government. Unfortunately, Yukon’s primary mining legislation, the Quartz Mining Act (QMA), suffers from several key issues. It is outdated, with many terms transitioned from older legislation, thus lacking consistency with the administrative changes brought about by the Yukon Act. It lacks clarity – as a result of vague terms and absent a comprehensive set of regulations. And it contains overly complex licensing processes, which provide too much discretion to decision makers. Collectively, these issues increase risk for those interested in mineral exploration and extraction in Yukon.